Population of the United States (1860)

New England
State Free Population Slave Population
Connecticut 460, 147 ---
Maine 628,279 ---
Massachusetts 1,231,066 ---
New Hampshire 326,073 ---
Rhode Island 174,620 ---
Vermont 315,098 ---

 

Middle States
State Free Population Slave Population
New Jersey       672,017 ---
New York 3,880,735 ---
Pennsylvania     2,906,215 ---

Note:  In New Jersey there remained, in addition to the 672,017 free, 18 colored apprentices for life by the act to abolish slavery, passed April 18, 1846.

Middle West
State Free Population Slave Population
Dakota            4,837 ---
Illinois 1,711,951 ---
Indiana 1,350,428 ---
Iowa 674,913 ---
Kansas 107,204 2
Michigan 749,113 ---
Minnesota 172,023 ---
Nebraska 28,826 15
Ohio 2,339,511 ---
Wisconsin 775,881 ---

 

Far West
States Free Population Slave Population
California 379,994 ---
Colorado 34,277 ---
New Mexico  95,516 ---
Nevada 6,857 ---
Oregon 52,465 ---
Utah 40,244 29
Washington 11,594 ---

 

Border States
State Free Population Slave Population
Delaware 110,418 1,798
Dist. Columbia 71,895 3,185
Kentucky 930,201 225,483
Maryland 599,860 87,189
Missouri 1,067,081 114,931

 

Upper South
State Free Population Slave Population
Arkansas 324,335 111,115
North Carolina 661,563 331,099
Tennessee 834,082 275,719
Virginia 1,105,453 490,865

 

Lower South
State Free Population Slave Population
Alabama 519,121 435,080
Florida 78,679 61,745
Georgia 505,088 462,198
Louisiana 376,276 331,726
Mississippi 354,674 436,631
South Carolina 301,302 402,406
Texas 421,649 182,566

 

Total 1860 Population
Total Free Population 27,489,561
Total Slave Population 3,953,760
Grand Total 31,443,321

Source:  "The Civil War and Reconstruction" by Randall and Donald (Their source was U.S. Census, 1860, Population, pp. 598-599)

This Page last updated 02/16/02

RETURN TO CIVIL WAR POTPOURRI PAGE