C.S.S. Alabama Vs U.S.S. Kearsarge
Returning to the South Atlantic, the cruiser C.S.S. Alabama arrived at Cherbourg, France, 11 June 1864. Since its commissioning, the Alabama had cruised for approximately 21 months over nearly 75,000 miles and had taken 64 prizes worth more than $6.5 million. The ship never entered a Confederate port but was replenished and refueled in such spots as Bahia in Brazil, Capetown, Singapore, and Cherbourg. 3 days after the Confederate warship anchored in the French harbor, the U.S.S Kearsarge took up station off the port.
Despite Alabama's poor condition her commander, Captain Raphael Semmes decided to fight the Union vessel, commanded by Captain John Winslow. On Sunday, 19 June, the 2 warships engaged each other outside the 3-mi limit, exchanging fire for just over an hour as they steamed in slowly narrowing circles. At the beginning of the eighth circle, when the ships were approximately 400 yards apart, the Alabama sank. The Kearsarge took 64 prisoners. Semmes, 14 officers and 24 crew rescued by the English yacht Deerhound and taken to England.
|Detailed Battle Description||Excellent detailed description of the battle by the surgeon of the Kearsarge|
|Reports of the Union Navy||From the Official Records, a series of reports dealing with this battle.|
|Reports of the Confederate Navy||From the Official Records, a series of reports dealing with this battle.|
This Page last updated 01/26/02
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