Report of Maj. Gen.
Ambrose P. Hill, C. S. Army, commanding Second Army Corps.
APRIL 27-MAY 6, 1863.--The Chancellorsville Campaign.
O.R.-- SERIES I--VOLUME XXV/1 [S# 39]
HEADQUARTERS SECOND ARMY CORPS,
May 8, 1863.
Maj. W. H. TAYLOR,
MAJOR: I have the honor to submit the following very imperfect sketch of our operations from the time we left Fredericksburg to the recrossing of the Rappahannock by the enemy:
The corps of General Jackson, save Early's division, left our lines at Hamilton's Crossing at dawn on the morning of Friday, May l--Rodes' division, A. P. Hill's division, and Trimble's division (under [R. E.] Colston). Arriving within 4 miles of Chancellorsville, line of battle was formed--Rodes in advance, Hill supporting, and Colston in reserve. The enemy were then rapidly pushed back into Chancellorsville.
Saturday morning, Rodes', Colston's, and Hill's divisions were led by General Jackson on the enemy's flank and rear, crossing the two Plank roads and coming into the turnpike, the artillery of the corps, under Colonel [S.] Crutchfield, accompanying. The attack was made about 6 p.m., Rodes' division and some artillery in advance, Colston and Hill supporting. The attack of Rodes was made with great energy. The enemy were driven for 3 miles and into his works at Chancellorsville, with the loss of ten pieces of artillery and many prisoners. This was about 9 p.m., and General Jackson directed General Hill to take charge of the pursuit. While Lane's brigade was forming its lines for advance and throwing out his skirmishers, General Jackson was wounded. The enemy then made an attempt to retake their rifle-pits immediately fronting Chancellorsville, but were handsomely driven back by Colonel [Francis] Mallory, Fifty-fifth Virginia, Heth's brigade. The enemy during this time had concentrated a most terrible fire of artillery on the head of Hill's division from thirty-two pieces of artillery. General Hill was disabled during this fire. General Stuart was sent for, and the command of the corps turned over to him. It was thought best, under all the circumstances, not to push the pursuit any farther that night.
Next morning, all the artillery which could be put in position having been brought up--the infantry in three lines, Colston, Hill (now Heth's), and Rodes--General Stuart renewed the attack about dawn. The enemy were gallantly charged. The combat was furious. Colston's division having become somewhat broken and disordered, Heth took the advance, Archer on the extreme right, endeavoring to connect with Anderson and Pender with two brigades of this division on the left of the road. The enemy were again charged, and twice were his works taken and twice relinquished. Rodes' division came up to the support, and, after some tremendous fighting (all three divisions being engaged), the enemy were driven out, and his works occupied about 10 o'clock.
Archer's brigade captured four guns, and Brig. Gen. William Hays was captured by Pender's brigade. Ramseur's brigade, under his gallant leadership, was conspicuous throughout the three days' fighting.
Our lines were again formed, covering the roads leading to the United States Ford, Pender with four brigades on the left, Rodes in the center, and Colston, with three brigades, on the right. Heth, with three brigades was sent to relieve Anderson.
We held this position during Sunday and Monday, while Anderson and McLaws were detached to drive back General Sedgwick. Several advances of the enemy's skirmishers were repulsed, and he occasionally opened a heavy fire of artillery. Sedgwick having been demolished, the enemy recrossed on Tuesday night.
Major-General Stuart is deserving of great commendation for his admirable management of the troops. Called suddenly late at night to a new sphere of action, and entirely ignorant of the positions of the brigades, with indomitable energy he surmounted all difficulties and achieved a glorious result.
Brigadier-General Rodes distinguished himself much, and won a proud name for himself and his division. Generals Heth, Pender, and Ramseur contributed greatly to the success of our arms.
Much is due the artillery. Colonels [S.] Crutchfield, [J. Thompson] Brown, [R. L.] Walker, and [E. P.] Alexander deserve special mention.
A. P. HILL,
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