South Mountain, Prelude to Antietam
(September 14, 1862)
The Wise Farm At Fox's Gap
Federal cavalry under Pleasanton found D.H. Hill's division defending Turner's Gap on the morning of the 14th. By nine o'clock J.D. Cox attacked with his division and by noon the rest of IX Corps under Reno arrived to press the attack through Fox's Gap. Hooker's I Corps arrived later and attacked about a mile to the north. Burnside commanding the right wing of McClellan's army (I and IX corps), soon appeared on the field to coordinate the operation. By 10 P.M. the Federals had succeeded by vigorous fighting in seizing the high ground commanding Turner's Gap, and the Confederates started withdrawing about midnight. Reno was killed. The Confederate Brig. Gen. Samuel Garland, Jr., was also killed.
The following links provide detailed descriptions of this battle from both the Confederate and Union perspective.
|South Mountain, The Confederate Side||From Battles and Leaders, this is Confederate General D.H. Hill's account of the battle.|
|South Mountain, The Union Side||From U.S.V Brevet Brig. Gen. Palfrey's book "The Antietam and Fredericksburg", this presents the Union side.|
This page last updated 10/23/04