The Alabama Civil War Infantry Commands
(and References to Their Services in the Official Records)
Infantry Regiments 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th 13th 14th 15th 16th 17th 18th 19th 20th 21st 22nd 23rd 24th 25th 26th 27th 28th 29th 30th 31st 32nd 33rd 34th 35th 36th 37th 38th 39th 40th 41st 42nd 43rd 44th 45th 46th 47th 48th 49th 50th 54th 55th 57th 58th 59th 60th 61st
Reserve Regiments and Battalions Infantry
Sixty-Second, Sixty-Third, and Sixty-Fifth Regiments
There were about nine regiments and three battalions of reserves, composed for the most part of very young men, about two regiments being made up of old men, and they were organized principally for the defense of Mobile and the bay forts. Some of these were, in 1864, consolidated under the command of Col. Daniel Huger, of the First reserve regiment, and the new regiment was known as the Sixty-second Alabama. Others, under Col. Olin F. Rice, of the Second reserve regiment, were known as the Sixty-third. The First battalion, also called the Fourth reserve regiment, was consolidated with the Third and Fourth battalions under Lieut.-Col. E. M. Underhill, and called the Sixty-fifth Alabama; it was employed mainly in the defenses of Mobile, though a detachment was sent to Montgomery in April, 1865, and retired before Wilson's army to Girard, where it fought with severe loss and was captured. The Sixty-second and Sixty-third fought in General Thomas' brigade at Fort Gaines and Spanish Fort, losing a large number in killed and wounded. Relieved at Spanish Fort by Holtzclaw's brigade, they were sent to Blakely, where, after enduring the privations and perils of the siege of Blakely, they were captured, and were exchanged a few days before the final surrender of the department of the Gulf. Captain Johnson, of the Sixty-third, was killed, and Captain Ward, of the Sixty-second, wounded, at Spanish Fort. Capt. J. W. Pitts, who assisted in the defense of Talladega during Rousseau's raid, became major of the Sixty-second. This regiment, composed wholly of young men, was especially complimented by General Liddell for gallant conduct at Spanish Fort.
Extracts From Official War Records
First Reserve Regiment, Col. Daniel E. Huger: No. 74--(975) Major Walthall says: "Captain Pitts' company of boys on post duty at Talladega, July 13 to 15, 1864." (977) Major Walthall, in his report of operations, July 13th to 15th, says: "Captain Pitts' company required for duty at the bridge at Talladega, Rousseau's raid." No. 78--(814) September 3, 1864, under Col. Daniel E. Huger, in Liddell's brigade, Mobile. No. 79, No. 93, No. 94--In Thomas' command, Mobile, November and December, 1864 No. 101--(681) First and Second Reserves, home guards, in and about Mobile, January, 1865, 1,000 strong. No. 103--(831) February 16, 1865, at Mobile. Union report says: "A regiment of boys, about 600 strong, commanded by Colonel Withers (Huger)." (1045) March 10th, transferred from Taylor's command to Thomas'. (1046) March 10th, in Thomas' brigade, Mobile. No. 104 --(226) April 4, 1865, in Thomas' brigade.
Second Reserve Regiment, Col. Olin F. Rice: No. 78 --(814) September 3, 1864, Col. Olin F. Rice, in Liddell's brigade, district of the Gulf. No. 79--(876) November 1, 1864, Fuller's command, district of the Gulf. No. 94--(633) December 1, 1864, Fuller's command, department of Alabama, Mississippi and East Louisiana. No. 101--(681) First and Second Alabama Reserves, home guards, 1,000 strong, January, 1865, at Mobile. No. 103--(264) April 8, 1865, Fort Blakely, Ala.; 15 killed, 42 wounded. (1045) March 10th, transferred from Taylor's command to Thomas'. (1046) Lieut.-Col. Junius A. Law, in Thomas' brigade, Mobile. No. 104--(226) April, 1865, in Thomas' brigade, Mobile.
Third Reserve Regiment, Col. William M. Brooks: No. 78--(814) September 3, 1864, Col. William M. Brooks, Thomas' brigade, district of Gulf. (887) September 30th, Thomas' brigade, department of Alabama, Mississippi and East Louisiana. No. 79--(901) Ordered to report to the commanding officer at Cahaba. (915) November 12, 1864, ordered to report to General Adams. No. 93--(1233) Six companies at Cahaba; Lieut.-Col. Samuel Jones. (1239) November 22d, ordered to Selma. (1244) November 24th, ordered to Pollard. No. 94--(634) December 1st, in Clanton's brigade. Six companies at Cahaba. No. 103--(968) February 17, 1865, Third Alabama Reserves ordered to report to General Adams at Selma, relieved at Mobile. (1045-1047) March 10th, Clanton's brigade, Mobile. No. 104--(364) Mentioned as at Montgomery, April 15, 1865.
First Reserve Battalion, Lieut.-Col. W. M. Stone (became Fourth Reserves): No. 78--(814, 887) September, 1864, Thomas' brigade, district of Mobile. No. 93--(1233) Called Fourth Alabama reserves, in Col. T. H. Taylor's command at Mobile, November 20, 1864. No. 94--(634) Same assignment as above, December 1, 1864. No. 103--(968) February 10, 1865, Fourth Reserves relieved at Mobile and ordered to report to General Adams at Montgomery. No. 104--(364) Mentioned as at Montgomery, April 15, 1865.
Third Reserve Battalion, Capt. F. S. Strickland: No. 78--(814) September 3, 1864, in Liddell's brigade, district of the Gulf, at Mobile. No. 79--(875) November 1st, in Baker's brigade, Liddell's division, Maury's army. No. 93--(1233) November 20th, detached from district of the Gulf with Fourth battalion, under Lieut.-Col. E. M. Underhill. No. 94--(633) December 1, 1864, with Fourth battalion, Baker's brigade.
Fourth Reserve Battalion: No. 79--(875) November l, 1864, Baker's brigade, district of the Gulf, Mobile. No. 93--(1233) November 20th, Taylor's brigade, Mobile, with Third battalion, under Lieut.-Col. E. M. Underhill. No. 94--(633) December 1, 1864, same assignment, Baker's brigade.
First Junior Reserves Regiment: No. 103--(997) February 20, 1865, 330 for duty at Mobile.
Second Junior Reserves Regiment: No. 103--(997) February 20, 1865, 428 for duty at Mobile.
Third Senior Reserve Battalion: No. 103--(997) February 20, 1865, six companies at Pollard, one company Senior Reserves cavalry at Mobile; two companies Senior Reserves light artillery at Mobile. (998) Third Senior Reserves at Montevallo, February 20, 1865.
Fourth Senior Reserves: No. 103--(998) February 20, 1865, 150 for duty at Montgomery.
State Reserves. No. 78--(751) August 3, 1864, Colonel Patron's command reinforced by 388 Alabama State Reserve troops, Mobile, Ala. No. 86--(911) In Mobile on city defenses. Report of Maj. F. W. Marston, chief signal officer, December 22, 1864. No. 93--(1233) Under Lieut.-Col. Young L. Royston, at Selma, November 20, 1864. No. 104--(226) In Maury's command, Mobile, April, 1865.
Hilliard's Legion was organized at Montgomery, June, 1862, and consisted of five battalions; one of these, a mounted battalion, was early detached and became part of the Tenth Confederate cavalry. The Legion proceeded to Montgomery nearly 3,000 strong, under the command of Col. H. W. Hilliard, and was placed in McCown's brigade. It took part in the siege of Cumberland Gap, and spent the fall and winter in Kentucky and east Tennessee. In April, Col. J. Thorington took command of the Legion, and was succeeded in command of the First battalion by Lieut.-Col. J. Holt, the whole Legion serving in Gracie's brigade at Chickamauga. In this battle it earned a splendid reputation. The First and Second battalions suffered the heaviest loss, leaving more than half their number either dead or wounded on the field. Lieutenant-Colonel Holt was severely wounded, and the command of the First battalion fell upon Captain Huguley. Maj. Daniel S. Troy was in command after Chickamauga. Lieutenant-Colonel Hall and Captain Walden, successively in command of the Second battalion, were both wounded. This battalion was the first to plant its banner on the enemy's works. The colors were pierced by 83 bullets. The standard-bearer, Robert Y. Hiett, was made a lieutenant. The other battalions also fought nobly and suffered severely both in officers and men.
The Third was complimented on the field by General Pond. The legion continued fighting in Gracie's brigade in east Tennessee until, on November 25, 1863, it was dissolved. Parts of the First and Third were consolidated and formed the Sixtieth Alabama, under Col. J. W. A. Sanford; the Second and Fourth, under Col. Bolling Hall, Jr., became the Fifty-ninth Alabama. Three companies of the First battalion became the Twenty-third battalion, or Stallworth's sharpshooters. The history of the legion is continued in the records of these organizations.
Extracts From Official War Records
Vol. XVI, Part I--(1010) September 22, 1862, at Cumberland Gap.
Vol. XVI, Part 2--(708) June 26, 1862, ordered to Chattanooga. (717) July 2d, mentioned by secretary of war. (720) July 4th, ordered to Atlanta, Ga. (726) July 11th, ordered to Chattanooga to report to Major-General McCown. (748) Mentioned by J. F. Belton, as ordered to report to General Stevenson, August 8th. (824) Reeves' (Fourth) battalion at Clinton, September 14th. (847, 873) September, at Cumberland Gap. (874) September 25th, cavalry ordered to Winchester. (975) Cavalry under Maj. M. M. Slaughter ordered to Flat Lick, October 22d. (984) October 31st, in McCown's division, Gen. E. Kirby Smith's force.
Vol. XX, Part 2--(412-414) November 20, 1862, headquarters Knoxville, Tenn., 1,095 present for duty; four battalions formed the Fifth brigade. (466) December 27th, First and Fourth battalions at Big Creek Gap; Second battalion at Cumberland Gap; Third battalion at Clinton.
Vol. XXIII, Part 2--(644, 645) February 20, 1863, with Gen. D. S. Donelson. First and Fourth battalions at Big Creek Gap; Second at Cumberland Gap; Third at Knoxville; Company A, First battalion, at Bristol. (711) March 9th, battalions as above. First battalion, Lieut.-Col. J. Thorington; Second, Lieut.-Col. Bolling Hall, Jr.; Third, Lieut..Col. J. W. A. Sanford; Fourth, Maj. W. N. Reeves. Two companies of First at Clinton, one at Bristol. (792) April 25th, under Col. J. Thoring-ton, in Gracie's brigade, headquarters Bean's Station, Tenn. (946) July 31, 1863, assignment as above. First battalion, Lieut.-Col. J. H. Holt; Second, Lieut.-Col. B. Hall, Jr.; Third, Lieut.-Col. J. W. A. Sanford; Fourth, Major McLennan; headquarters, Cumberland Gap. (949) August 3d, three battalions from Cumberland Gap ordered to Strawberry Plains to report to General Gracie.
No. 42--(556) General Clanton says that at Chickamauga, the colors of the Second battalion were pierced by eighty-two balls, and President Davis promoted Lieu-tenant-Colonel Hall to colonel, and the color-bearer to a lieutenancy. Says the Legion is in Gracie's brigade, May, 1864.
No. 51--(16) September 19 and 20, 1863, in Gracie's brigade, Bragg's army. (416) Gen. William Preston in his report of Chickamauga says: "The brigade advanced with splendid courage, but was met by a destructive fire of the enemy from the cover of their fieldworks on the hill. The Second Alabama battalion stormed the hill and entered the intrenchments. Here an obstinate and bloody combat ensued. Lieutenant-Colonel Hall was severely wounded while gallantly leading his command in the assault on the hill. The Second battalion, out of 239, lost 169 killed and wounded. In the action its colors were pierced in 83 places, and were afterward, by request, presented to his Excellency, the President, who promoted the brave standard-bearer, Robert Y. Hiett, for conspicuous courage. George W. Norris, of Captain Wise's company, of Hall's battalion, fell at the foot of the enemy's flagstaff and was buried where he so nobly died." Lieutenant-Colonel Holt, of the First battalion, was severely wounded. (418) General Preston commends the gallantry of Lieutenant-Colonel Sanford, Major McLennan, Captain Walden and Surgeon Luckie. (421, 422) General Gracie's report: "The First battalion, Alabama Legion, sustained the heaviest loss. Of 239 carried into action, 169 were killed and wounded. Among the latter was Lieutenant-Colonel Holt, seriously, in the knee. Among the killed, Lieut. R. H. Bibb ....
It was the Second battalion that first gained the hill and placed its colors on the enemy's works. Its colors bear marks of over eighty bullets. Its bearer, Robert Y. Hiett, though thrice wounded and the staff thrice shot away, carried his charge throughout the entire fight. He deserves not only mention, but promotion. Lieuten-ant-Colonel Hall behaved most gallantly, receiving a severe wound in the thigh. Capt. W. D. Walden, Company B, was wounded in the breast, arm and shoulder, inside the enemy's works. His case deserves special mention. Lieut.-Col. J. W. A. Sanford, commanding the Third battalion, Alabama Legion, nobly did his duty, sustaining heavy loss both in officers and men. Asst. Surgeon James B. Luckie, both in the field and at the hospital, was most attentive to the wounded, as, indeed, were all the medical officers of the command. Major McLennan, commanding the Fourth Alabama Legion, nobly did his duty, sustaining heavy loss both in officers and men." General Gracie also says: "To Lieutenant Gilmer, adjutant of the Alabama Legion, who, during the absence of its commander has acted as my assistant inspector-general, and to Messrs. George C. Jones and J. S. Harwell, both wounded, my thanks are due for services rendered at Chickamauga." (423) Col. Y. M. Moody, Forty-third Alabama, says: "This (Second) battalion assisted in holding enemy's works at Chickamauga. . . On September 19th, the Third battalion, Alabama Legion, was left on top of a slight elevation, to support Jeffries' and Baxter's batteries. We remained at this point until the morning of the 20th, exposed during evening of the 19th to enemy's shells." (424, 425) Captain Huguley, of First battalion, says: "Colonel Holt was severely wounded early in the action, and the command devolved on me. We went into the engagement with 238, and had 24 killed and 144 wounded, 16 of whom were officers." (425, 426) Lieut. C. Hall says: "Lieuten-ant-Colonel Hall, while leading the command under the fiercest fire, was shot down at a time when by hard fighting we had almost reached the enemy's works. Captain Walden assumed command, and bravely led the still advancing line until shot down within the enemy's lines. Lieutenant Fisher, a brave officer of Company C, about this time was mortally wounded. The works were carried and the enemy driven before us in confusion. The battalion carried into action 230 aggregate; of these, 16 were killed, 75 wounded, many mortally." Commends bravery of Capt. L. H. Crumpler and Lieut. John H. Porter. (426, 427) Lieut.-Col. J. W. A. Sanford says: "We (Third battalion) carried into the fight on the 20th instant, 229 men. Of this number, 4 were killed and 42 wounded." He especially commends for courage and skill, Capt. John McCreless, Surgeon James B. Luckie, Corporal Hutto and Privates Hix, Turner and Tally of Company A; Sergeant Baygents and Privates Jackson, Brooks and Hall of Company B; Private Brown, Company C; Privates Hufham, Quillan and Jesse L. Jackson of Company D; Sergeant Harris and Privates Harris, Lewis, Skinner and Williams of Company E; Privates Simmons, Patrick and Jackson of Company F. (427, 428) Major McLennan of Fourth battalion commends conduct of Privates McCain, Holly, King, Head, of Company A; Corporal French and Privates Anderson, Flournoy, Smith, of Company B; Sergeant Mahone, Sergeant Daniels and Privates Daniel, Hill, Rutledge, Bennett, of Company D; Sergeant Stuckey, Corporal Martin, Corporal Curable and Privates Phillips and Lancey, of Company E, for conspicuous gallantry on the field.
Roll of honor, Chickamauga, First battalion: Adjt. John Massey, Private John H. Conner,(*) Company A; Private J. E. Wright, Company B; Private James M. Gibson, Company C; Private B. A. Davis,(*) Company D; Sergt. J. L. Cox,(*) Company E; Private A. J. Daw,(*) Company F. Second battalion: Capt. W. D. Walden, Company B; Private John H. Randall, Company A; First Sergt. Socrates Spigener, Company B; Private Benj. F. Temple,(*) Company C; Private William P. Jones, Company D; Private George W. Norris,(*) Company E; Corp. Jos. V. Castlebury,(*) Company F. Third battalion: Capt. John McCreless, Company E; Private Micajah Kirkland,(*) Company A; Private John Blanken-ship, Company C; Private Henry R. Lewis, Company C. Fourth battalion: Private Jackson Lee,(*) Company A; Corp. James E. French, Company B; Private B. F. Martin,(*) Company D; Private R. S. Turlington,(*) Company E.
No. 54--(452) November 30, 1863, Gracie's brigade, Gen. B. R. Johnson's forces. First battalion, Maj. D. S. Troy; Second, Capt. John H. Dillard; Third, Lieut.-Col. J. W. A. Sanford; Fourth, Maj. John D. McLennan. No. 55--(659) In Gracie's brigade, Buckner's division; detached November 22d, for operations against Burnside in east Tennessee.
No. 56--(891) December 31, 1863, Gracie's brigade, Longstreet's corps. Parts of First and Third (Sixtieth Alabama), under Colonel Sanford; Second and Fourth (Fifty-ninth Alabama), under Colonel Hall.
No. 78--(589) May, 1864, General Clanton speaks of Legion as in Gracie's brigade. Same mention as above, No. 42, p. 556.
(*) Killed in action.
First Mobile Regiment Infantry
The First Mobile regiment, called also the Mobile Guards, City battalion, and Local Defense corps, was organized for work in defense of Mobile and served in that city under command, successively, of Maj. W. S. Moreland, Col. A. W. Lampkin and Lieut.-Col. S. W. Cayce, until it was disbanded in the spring of 1865.
Extracts From Official War Records
No. 42--(511, 561) December, 1863, Maj. W. S. Moreland, Cantey's brigade, Mobile. No. 58--(582) January 20, 1864, Col. A. W. Lampkin; assignment as above. No. 59--(861) April 30th, assignment as above. No. 78 --(678) June 30th, Higgins' brigade, Mobile. (752) August 3d, assignment as above. No. 79--(876) November 1st, Lieut.-Col. S. W. Cayce, in Taylor's command, Mobile. No. 86--(911) December 22d, Mobile. No. 93--(1233) November 20th, called City battalion, in Taylor's command, Mobile. No. 94--(633) December 1st, in Taylor's command, Mobile. No. 101--(681) Mentioned as Brooks' Home Guards cavalry, in Maury's forces, Mobile, January, 1865. No. 103--(831) Union report says, about 300 men under Colonel Cayce, at Mobile, February 16, 1865. (931) Regiment disbanded by special orders from war department, January 25, 1865. (1046) Mention of City battalion and four companies of special service men, under Maj. William Hartwell, in Taylor's command, Maury's army, March 10, 1865.
Fifth Alabama Battalion of Infantry
The Fifth battalion was organized near Dumfries, Va., December, 1861, and was at first placed in Whiting's brigade, but was soon transferred to Archer's brigade, where it served the greater part of the war. It fought with heavy loss in the battles around Richmond, being engaged at Mechanicsville, Cold Harbor, Gaines' Mill, Frayser's Farm, Second Manassas, Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville. It went to Gettysburg 200 strong, and lost half its number. It was then placed on provost duty in Gen. A. P. Hill's corps, and remained in Virginia until it surrendered at Appomattox, 30 or 40 strong. Its first commander was Major Van de Graaff, but it was led at different times by Capts. S. D. Stewart, A. N. Porter, C. M. Hooper and Wade Ritter. Major Van de Graaff was wounded before Richmond, and at Fredericksburg. Capt. S. D. Stewart was wounded before Richmond and killed at Chancellorsville; Capt. A. N. Porter was wounded at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville; Capt. Wade Ritter was wounded, and Capt. T. B. Bush was killed, at Second Manassas; Captain Burton was killed at Cold Harbor.
Extracts From Official War Records
Vol. V--(529, 530) March 21, 1862, Mentioned by Gen. W. H. C. Whiting. (1030) January 14th, Wigfall's brigade, Gen. G. T. Beauregard's forces, near Dumfries.
Vol. XI, Part 2--(276, 296, 309) Mentioned in reports of Seven Days' battles, by Union officers. (487) June to July, 1862, in Archer's brigade, Jackson's corps, engagements around Richmond. (504) June 26th to July 1st, 19 killed, 79 wounded, in fights before Richmond. (897, 898) Gen. J. J. Archer, in his report of Mechanicsville and Gaines' Mill, says: "The gallant and efficient Captain Van de Graaff, commanding the Fifth Alabama battalion, was killed, and the next captain in command, S. D. Stewart, wounded." (Van de Graaff was not killed, but severely wounded.)
Vol. XI, Part 3--(650) July 23, 1862, in Archer's brigade, Jackson's army; Captain Van de Graaff.
Vol. XII, Part I--(434) April 20, 1862, at Fredericksburg, Va.
Vol. XII, Part 2--(180, 218) August 9, 1862, at Cedar Mountain, Va., 1 killed and 8 wounded. (549) September 1, 1862, Archer's brigade, Jackson's corps. (562) At Manassas, 2 killed and 17 wounded, report of Surgeon Guild. (700, 702) General Archer says: "Among the officers whose gallantry I especially noticed in the action were Lieut. Charles M. Hooper, Fifth Alabama."
Vol. XIX, Part I--(807, 1002) Maryland campaign, September 14, 1862, at Harper's Ferry, Captain Hooper.
Vol. XXI--(542) July 23, 1862, Maj. A. S. Van de Graaff, in Archer's brigade, A. P. Hill's division. (554) Highly commended for action in battle of Fredericksburg, report of Gen. R. E. Lee. (560) At Fredericksburg, 3 killed, 18 wounded. (632) At Fredericksburg, in the pursuit of the retreating Federals, they charged with great gallantry and captured many prisoners; highly commended by Gen. T. J. Jackson. (646, 647) Gen. A. P. Hill says: "They gallantly aided in holding General Archer's line .... They gallantly chased the enemy across the railroad and back to their reserves." (657, 658) General Archer: "They nobly discharged their duty under Maj. A. S. Van de Graaff, who was wounded, and afterward under Capt. S. D. Stewart, and drove back the enemy."
No. 39--(791) In Archer's brigade, battalion at Chancellorsville, lost 3 killed and 30 wounded. (926) Capt. S. D.. Stewart, commanding battalion, was killed at Chancellorsville. (928) May 3, 1863, report of Capt. A. N. Porter of the Fifth Alabama (who was knocked senseless by the bursting of a shell), at Chancellorsville: "We were ordered to support Pegram's battery; after supporting this battery for about half an hour, we were ordered again to charge the fortifications, which we did successfully, compelling the enemy to retreat in haste. It was here the lamented Capt. S. D. Stewart fell. He had commanded the battalion during the engagement, and just as victory was about to perch upon its banner, he fell, a noble offering to his country's freedom .... The Fifth Alabama behaved heroically .... Lieutenant (William B.) Hutton, Company A, Fifth Alabama battalion, behaved gallantly till he received a mortal wound, from which he died the evening of the same day."
No. 44--(289) July 1 to 3, 1863, in Archer's brigade, A. P. Hill's corps. (333) At Gettysburg, 26 wounded. (647) Mentioned in Colonel Shepherd's report of Gettysburg campaign.
No. 48--To October 31, 1863, in Archer's brigade, Lee's army
No. 88--(1030) September 26, 1864, mentioned near Canal Basin, by Gen. John C. Babcock (Union), (1214) One hundred and fifty-one present for duty, Hill's corps, Lee's army, August 31st. (1219) Unattached. (1243) September 10th, 159 present.
No. 95--(1272) April, 1865, Capt. Wade Ritter, provost guard, Hill's corps, Lee's army.
No. 96--(1182) Capt. Wade Ritter, at headquarters, Gen. A. P. Hill's corps, January 31, 1865.
Seventeenth Battalion Sharpshooters
Yancey's battalion of sharpshooters was organized in the summer of 1862; served with the army of Tennessee in the Stone's river campaign, and suffered severely in the battles of Murfreesboro and Chickamauga. It served in Deas' brigade from April, 1863, until July 31, 1864, when it was transferred to Johnston's brigade. After the battle of Chickamauga, it wintered with the brigade at Dalton and took part in the incessant fighting of the Dalton-Atlanta campaign. Captain Yancey, the first commander of the battalion, was succeeded in April, 1863, by Capt. James F. Nabers, who led the battalion until July, 1864, when Lieut. A. R. Andrews took his place
Extracts From Official War Records
Vol. XVI, Part 2--(764) August 18 and 20, 1862, Capt. B. C. Yancey, in Gen. Frank Gardner's brigade, General Polk's corps.
Vol. XVII, Part 2--(633) June 30, 1862, in Gardner's brigade, Bragg's army.
Vol. XX, Part I--(658) Capt. B.C. Yancey, in Deas' brigade, army of Tennessee, Stone's river campaign. (677) Three killed, 15 wounded. (974) Roll of honor, battle of Murfreesboro: Privates John H Rutherford, Company A, killed in action; Walter S. White, Company B.
Vol. XX, Part 2--(431) November 29, 1862, in Gardner's brigade, army of Tennessee.
Vol. XXIII, Part 2--(735) April 1, 1863, Capt. James F. Nabers, in Deas' brigade, army of Tennessee. (942, 958) To August 10, 1863, in Deas' brigade, Bragg's army.
No. 51--(15) September 19 and 20, 1863, in Deas' brigade, Bragg's army. (340) Captain Nabers' report, 1 killed, 9 wounded.
No. 56--(617, 805, 825) October to December, 1863, in Deas' brigade, army of Tennessee; December 14th, 59 strong.
No. 58--(589) January 20, 1864, in Deas' brigade, Johnston's army.
No. 59--(869) April 30, 1864, Deas' brigade, Johnston's army.
No. 74--(640-663) In Deas' brigade, Johnston's army, April 30th, Capt. J. F. Nabers; July 31st, Lieut. A. R. Andrews.
Twenty-Third Battalion Sharpshooters
The Twenty-third battalion, Maj. Nicholas Stallworth, was formed of companies E, F and G, First battalion of Hilliard's legion, at Charleston, Tenn., November 25, 1863. Serving for several months in the East Tennessee campaign, it moved to Richmond in April. It lost heavily in skirmishes around Richmond and Petersburg, and suffered severely at Drewry's; a mere handful remained to surrender at Appomattox. Major Stallworth, as a captain in Hilliard's legion, was wounded at Chickamauga; Capt. W. E. Broughton was killed at Drewry's; Captain White was wounded, and Lieutenant Lampley succeeded in command.
Extracts From Official Records
No. 58--(642) Gracie's brigade, Gen. B. R. Johnson's troops, January 31, 1863.
No. 59--(722, 802) Gracie's brigade, Bushrod R. Johnson's corps, April, 1864.
No. 69--(862) Gracie's brigade, Ransom's troops, May 31, 1864, in department of Richmond. (902) Ordered to report to Gen. G. W. C. Lee, June 22d; placed at Market Hill.
No. 88--(1166) Lieut. Samuel Salter, Gracie's brigade, Johnson's division, Beauregard's army. (1227) Gracie's brigade, Johnson's division, September, 1864.
No. 89--(1190-1368) Gracie's brigade, Johnson's division, October to December, 1864.
No. 95--(1274) Moody's brigade, Johnson's division, Lee's army, April 9, 1865.
First Confederate Battalion Infantry
The First Confederate battalion was organized in the spring of 1862 from two companies of the Second Alabama, which was disbanding. It fought at Corinth, Baker's Creek, Vicksburg and Jackson; remained in Rust's brigade, army of Mobile, until April, 1863, when it was sent to Bragg's army and brigaded under Reynolds, and afterward, Adams. In March, 1864, it was transferred to the army of Northern Virginia and placed in Davis' brigade, where it served until the close of the war, fighting at the Wilderness, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Weldon Railroad and Hatcher's Run. At the latter it was captured, April 2, 1865. It was commanded, successively, by Lieut.-Col. George Hoke Forney, Capt. J. M. Johnson, Lieut.-Col. Francis B. McClung and Capt. Anthony B. Bartlett. Colonel Forney was killed at the battle of the Wilderness; Capt. Mike Donahue was killed at Weldon Railroad; Capt. W. J. Scott was wounded at Second Cold Harbor.
Extracts From Official War Records
Vol. X, Part 2--(396) Maj. L. W. O'Bannon commanding, mentioned in report of General Villepigue, April 6, 1862. (476) With Second Alabama, in Villepigue's troops, at Fort Pillow, April 30th. (608) Mentioned in troops in and around Grenada, Miss., June 12, 1862, 434 muskets.
Vol. XV--(1033) Maj. G. H. Forney, Rust's brigade, General Gardner's army, March 31, 1863.
No. 36--(252-256) General Pemberton's report of operations during siege of Vicksburg states that the battalion was sent to reinforce General Bowen, April 15, 1863. (663) Posted at Winkler's Bluff, April 30th; General Bowen's report of the battle of Port Gibson.
No. 38--(706-746) Assignment as above. Ordered to remain at Jackson and report to General Adams, April 15, 1863. (755, 756, 761, 773) Ordered to General Bowen, April 17, 1863. General Bowen says: "Just arriving," Grand Gulf, Miss., April 21, 1863. (936) Reynolds' brigade, Loring's division, May 30, 1863. (1040) Adams' brigade, Loring's division, July 30, 1863.
No. 42--(130) General Maury says battalion was detached from garrison of Mobile' and sent to General Bragg, April, 1863.
No. 53, No. 56, No. 57, No. 58--In Adams' brigade, Loring's division, to January, 1864.
No. 59--(604, 659) Assignment as above, March, 1864. (672) Transferred to army of Northern Virginia, Gen. Joe Davis' brigade, March 24, 1864. (674) Ordered to report to General Lee for assignment to Gen. J. R. Davis' brigade, March 25, 1864. (676) Lieutenant-Col-onel Forney ordered to rejoin his command at Cahaba, Ala., and proceed with it to the army of Northern Virginia, for assignment.
No. 60--(954) Col. George H. Sharpe (Union) says battalion has been added to Joe Davis brigade, April 23, 1864.
No. 67--(1101) Private A. J. Sizemore, Company A, killed in battle of Bethesda Church; on roll of honor.
No. 69--(850) Company A, doing provost guard duty in Atlanta, ordered to join command in Lee's army, northern Virginia, May 30, 1864.
No. 80--(812) Roll of honor, battle of Weldon Railroad: Sergt. A. Hembree, Company A; Sergt. A. D. Stoude, Company B; Private John Dunnigan, Company D; Sergt. J. Maddon, Company F; Private John McNamara Company I. (813) Roll of honor, miscellaneous engagements: Corp. B. J. Hugan, Company B, Corinth, Port Hudson, Grand Gulf, Baker's Creek, Wilderness; Private John Kelly, Company C, Fort Pillow, Corinth, Grand Gulf, Port Hudson; Sergt. Adolph W. Leslie, Company E, Fort Pillow, Corinth, Port Hudson, Baker's Creek, Jackson, Wilderness, Spottsylvania Court House (killed in latter engagement); Private Patrick Finegan, Company F, Corinth, Port Hudson, Grand Gulf, Baker's Creek, Wilderness, Spottsylvania Court House, Bethesda Church; Private Mitchell Smith, Company I, Fort Pillow, Corinth, Port Hudson, Grand Gulf, Baker's Creek, Jackson, Wilderness, Spottsylvania Court House, Liberty Mills, Cold Harbor.
No. 88 (1218) Capt. J. M. Johnson, Davis' brigade, Heth's division, August 31, 1864. (1309) Lieut.-Col. Francis B. McClung, September 30, 1864.
No. 89--(1189, 1240, 1366) Assignment as above, December 31, 1864.
No. 95--(1272) Capt. Anthony B. Bartlett, assignment as above, the Appomattox campaign.
No. 96--(1173, 1182, 1271) Assignment as above, January and February, 1865; Maj. F. B. McClung commanding, January 31st.
No. 97--(124) Mentioned in General Humphrey's report of a fight near Watkins house, Petersburg, March 25, 1865.
Miscellaneous Battalions and Companies of Infantry
There were many small and independent commands organized, principally for the defense of Mobile. Captain Chisholm's company of State Guards, the Swanson Guards, and the Eufaula Minute Men, under Captain Hardy, served in Florida in the summer of 1863. Butts', Casey's, Harris' and Morrison's battalions, the Pelham Cadets, and Tuscaloosa Cadets, served at Mobile and in various parts of Alabama in 1864 and 1865.
Gracie's battalion, a detail from the Ninth, Tenth, and Eleventh regiments, served in April and May, 1862, in the Peninsular campaign, in Johnston's army; Moreland's sharpshooters at Rome, Ga., in 1864.
EXTRACTS FROM OFFICIAL WAR RECORDS.
Butts' Battalion, Home Guards: No. 101--(681) Battalion 300 strong, at Mobile, January, 1865.
Casey's Battalion, Home Guards: No. 101--(681) Battalion 300 strong, at Mobile, January 18, 1865.
Gracie's Battalion: Details from Ninth, Tenth and Eleventh regiments: Vol. XI, Part 3--(480) April 30, 1862, 276 strong, in Kershaw's brigade, Peninsular campaign. (532) May 21st, in Johnston's army, Kershaw's brigade.
Harris' Battalion of Infantry, Capt. R. A. Harris: No. 78--(814, 887) September, 1864, Thomas' brigade, Mobile.
Morrison's Battalion of Infantry: No. 78--(799, 800) Capt. J. D. Morrison sent from Meridian to General Gardner at Mobile, with 180 officers and men, August 25, 1864. (814) September, 1864, in Thomas' brigade, Mobile.
Moreland Sharpshooters: No. 59--(872) April 30, 1864, in Cantey's brigade, Johnston's army, encamped at Rome, Ga. No. 74--(644) April 30, 1864, in Cantey's brigade, Johnston's army, encamped at Rome, Ga.
Tuscaloosa Cadets. No. 42--(556) May 9, 1864, mentioned by General Clanton as not liable to conscription when organized. No. 76--(954) August 10th, ordered to report to General Maury at Pollard, Ala. No. 78--(589) May 9th, mentioned by General Clanton. (734) July 29th, commended by Governor Watts, Montgomery, as well-drilled boys, under Col. L. C. Garland, 220 or 230 strong, ordered to Blue mountain. (746) August 1st, ordered to report to Col. Henry Maury at Pollard. No. 101--(617, 681) Two hundred strong (all boys, about 16 years old), at Mobile, January 23, 1865. No. 103--(353) April 4, 1865, at Tuscaloosa, Croxton's raid. No. 104--(1177, 1178) March 30, 1865, commended by Colonel Garland, who protests against impressment of horses belonging to the corps. (1182) March 31st, at Tuscaloosa, Ala., mentioned by Gen. W. H. Jackson, in letter to Colonel Garland.
Captain Chisholm's company of State Guards: No. 47--(273) August 4, 1863, Captain Chisholm's company ordered by the governor to make arrests on the border of Florida.
Eufaula Minute Men, Capt. John Hardy: No. 47--(248) July 30, 1863, in Cobb's brigade, district of Middle Florida. (328) August 31, 1863, in Cobb's brigade, district of Middle Florida.
Pelham Cadets: No. 59--(861) Pelham Cadets, Capt. Price Williams, Jr., district of the Gulf, April 30, 1864. No. 77--(428) August 12, 1864, in garrison at Fort Gaines were 40 Pelham Cadets. No. 79--(676) November 1st, under Lieut. H. E. Witherspoon, Taylor's command. No. 86--(911) December 22, 1864, defenses of Mobile. No. 93--(1233) November 20, 1864, Taylor's command, Mobile. No. 94--(633) Same assignment, December x, 1864. No. 96--(475) February 6, 1865, Pelham Cadets ordered out to disperse mob at Macon, report of General Grant. No. 101--(617) January 23d, 150 strong at Mobile. No. 103--(1046) March 10th, in Taylor's command, Mobile. No. 104--(226) In Maury's command, Mobile, April 4th. (261) April 7th, Admiral Thatcher says: "There are no troops in Mobile except the Pelham battalion of boys."
Swanson Guards: No. 42--(131, 157) August 1, 1863, in J. H. Clanton's brigade; Maj.-Gen. Dabney H. Maury commanding.
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