The Fourteenth Alabama Infantry Regiment
The Fourteenth Alabama infantry was organized at Auburn, 1861; remained in camp at Huntsville till October, when it was ordered to Virginia. It fought with distinction at Williamsburg, May 5, 1862; Seven Pines, May 31st to June 1st, and Mechanicsville, June 26th; made desperate charges at Frayser's Farm, June 30th, and Malvern Hill, July 1st, its losses of killed and wounded being very heavy. It served with distinction at Sharpsburg, September 17th; Salem, May 3, 1863, and Gettysburg, July 1st to 3d; the Wilderness May 5 to 7, 1864; Spottsylvania, May 8th to 18th, and in the many fights around Petersburg from June, 1864, to Appomattox, in April, 1865.
Among its distinguished killed in battle were: Capt. John Bell, killed at Mechanicsville; Lieut.-Col. David W. Baine, Capt. James S. Williamson, Lieuts. James E. Mayes, Nat M. Smith and C. H. Snead, at Frayser's Farm; Capt. J. Y. Wallace, at Matapony, August 6, 1862; Maj. Owen K. McLemore, at South Mountain, September 14, 1862; Maj. R. A. McCord, Lieuts. H. M. Cox and M. L. Bankston, at Chancellorsville; Capts. C. H. Lambeth and E. Folk, at Petersburg.
Among the other field officers were: Col. Thomas J. Judge, afterward on the supreme bench of Alabama, and Cols. Lucius Pinckard and Alfred C. Wood; Lieut.-Col. James A. Brown, and Majs. George W. Taylor and Mickleberry P. Terrell.
Extracts From Official War Records
Vol. IV--(416) Commanded by Col. Thomas J. Judge; brigaded with other Alabama regiments under Gen. L. P. Walker, September, 1861.
Vol. V--(938) Assigned to the Potomac district, special orders, No. 206, November 5, 1861. (954) Left Richmond November 14th for Fredericksburg and Manassas. (1012) Mentioned by Gen. S. D. French in report from Evansport, December 30th. (1013) Mentioned in General Holmes' letter from Brooks' Station, December 31st. (1018) Spoken of again by same, January 2, 1862. (1020) Ordered by secretary of war, January 5, 1862, to Richmond, "to regain their strength after going through the usual camp diseases." (1035) F. H. Holmes writes: "The regiment has suffered greatly from measles."
Vol. IX--(379) Mentioned by General McClellan.
Vol. XI, Part I--(309) Mentioned in Gen. Winfield S. Hancock's report of reconnoissance toward Yorktown, April 7, 1862. (404) Mentioned in Gen. John B. Magruder's report of the siege of Yorktown. (583) Mentioned in Col. M. Jenkins' report of the battle of Williamsburg.
Vol. Xl, Part 2--(486) In Pryor's brigade, Longstreet's division, Magruder's corps, engagements around Richmond. (503, 980) Casualties, 70 killed and 253 wounded in the fights before Richmond, June 26 to July 1, 1862. (781) Gen. Roger A. Pryor, writing of his brigade at Frayser's Farm: "The Fourteenth Alabama bore the brunt of the struggle and was nearly annihilated." (985) Lieut.-Col. D. W. Baine, Capt. James S. Williamson, Lieuts. James E. Mayes, Nat M. Smith and C. H. Snead killed June 30th; Capt John T. Bell, killed June 27th; Lieuts. J. T. Greenwood and D. V. Hines died of wounds received June 27th.
Vol. XI, Part 3--(114, 340, 393, 404) Mentioned by Gen. G. B. McClellan, Gen. M. C. Meigs and Gen. W. H. Taylor. (482) 700 strong, Johnston's army in the peninsula, about April 30, 1862. (532, 649) In Pryor's brigade, Longstreet's division, Johnston's army near Richmond, May 21 to July 23, 1862.
Vol. XII, Part 2--(547) Pryor's brigade, Wilcox's division, army of Northern Virginia, during the battles of August 28 to September 1, 1862. (561) Medical director reports 3 killed and 44 wounded at Manassas Plains, August 30th. (601) Mentioned in Gen. Roger A. Pryor's report of same battle.
Vol. XIX, Part I--(804, 812) In Pryor's brigade, Anderson's division, Maryland campaign. Losses, 2 killed and 43 wounded.
Vol. XIX, Part 2--(712) Ordered to be assigned to an Alabama brigade, November 10, 1862.
Vol. XXI--(539, 1070) Transferred November 10, 1862, to Wilcox's brigade, Anderson's division, First corps, army of Northern Virginia; Lieut.-Col. L. Pinckard in command of regiment December 20th.
No. 39--(790, 806) Assignment as above, Chancellorsville campaign. Casualties, 7 killed and 116 wounded at battle of Chancellorsville, May 1st to 4th. (853) Referred to in letter of Gen. Thomas S. Mills, May 18, 1863. (854) Casualties given as 10 killed and 107 wounded at Chancellorsville. Among the killed are Lieuts. H. M. Cox and M. L. Bankston. (858) Gen. C. M. Wilcox's report of same battle says: "Lieuts. Bankston and Cox fell fighting with the heroism of veteran soldiers, against greatly superior forces of the enemy. Colonel Pinckard was severely wounded."
No. 44--(288) Wilcox's brigade, Anderson's division, army of Northern Virginia, battle of Gettysburg, July 1-3, 1863. (332, 343) Medical director reports 7 killed and 41 wounded, Gettysburg. (620) Mentioned in General Wilcox's report.
No. 48--(400, 819) In Sanders' brigade, Anderson's division, Third corps, General Lee's army, Col. L. Pinckard commanding regiment.
No. 49--(685, 900) Assignment as above, to December 31, 1863.
No. 60---(1173) Re-enlisted for the war, as announced by Gen. R. E. Lee, February 15, 1864.
No. 67--(l025) In Perrin's brigade, Anderson's division, May. 1864.
No. 88--(1217) Assignment as above, August 31, 1864. No. 89--(1190, 1239, 1367) Assignment as above, October 31, 1864, Capt. John. A. Terrill in command. November 30, 1864, Capt. Simon G. Perry in command.
No. 95--(1273) General Forney's brigade, Mahone's division, Third corps, Lee's army, April, 1865.
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